Are you ready for an Earthquake?

California is located on the San Andreas Fault, that’s why earthquakes are so common here. Fortunately many of them are not even felt, but in the past some happened to be really destructive. On Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_earthquakes_in_California) you can find the list of the worst earthquakes in California.

Anyway, since nobody knows when it can happen, it’s better to prepared.

You can visit these links to have more instructions:

They give very useful informations.

The most important things to organize before an earthquake are:

  1. Food and water:

    1. minimum 1 gallon per person for at least 3 days (better for 1 or 2 weeks) (8 drops of chlorine bleach per gallon can help to disinfect)

    2. canned beans, canned milk, soups, canned vegetables, instant oatmeals, granola bars, juice boxes, peanut butter, jelly, crackers

 

  1. Other useful things:

    1. Radio battery-operated

    2. flashlight

    3. batteries

    4. whistle

    5. gloves

    6. dust masks

    7. garbage bags

    8. tarp, plastic sheeting

    9. wrench for gas shutoff

    10. multipurpose tool

    11. manual can opener

    12. cups, plates, flatware

    13. matches

    14. fire extinguisher

    15. pen and paper

    16. food storage bags

    17. aluminium foil

    18. paper towels

    19. dish soap

    20. duct tape

    21. rope

    22. first aid kit

    23. medications

    24. soap and shampoo

    25. toilet paper

    26. hand sanitizer

    27. liquid bleach

    28. diapers for babies and women

    29. camp stove for cooking

    30. blankets and sleeping bags

    31. silver thermal blankets (one each)

    32. clothes, sweaters, gloves, shoes

    33. local map

    34. important documents

    35. cash

    36. emergency numbers (friends, familiy, school)

    37. bug spray

 

  1. Prepare you and your house:

    1. Learn how to shut off water gas, electricity

    2. Secure water heater and furniture

    3. Don’t close rooms’ doors when sleeping, they could be blocked during an earthquake

    4. Learn well your house: understand which is the safest place in each room,

    5. Define a family plan in case an earthquake happens during the night or anyway while staying indoor (who pick-up children, where to go in the house, when and where to go outside).

    6. Define another family plan if earthquake happens during the day. Decide where to meet with the rest of your family (who picks up children at school, where to meet if house had to be evacuated)

    7. Update and check regularly your survival kit both at home and in the cars (you should have a survival backpack for each family member in the car too)

    8. If you have pets organize a survival kit for them too (food and water)

 

During an earthquake:

  1. If indoor, hide yourself under sturdy tables and desks or close to interior walls

  2. If indoor, stay away from mirrors, furniture, objects

  3. If you are driving pull over on the side of the road and wait until shakes finish

  4. If you are outdoor, stay away from trees, power lines

After an earthquake remember these key points:

  1. Don’t use cell phones or cars in order to help emergency authorities to do their work

  2. Listen to the radio to check for instructions

  3. Help neighbours

  4. Check damages in your house and in case evacuate

  5. Try to stay calm

If you want to be even more prepared enroll in a first-aid and CPR (cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation) class and emergency preparedness class.

You can find some of them here:

  1. http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/top-lists/best-resources-for-emergency-preparedness-in-the-bay-area/

  2. http://www.sccfd.org/pub_ed/disaster_prep.html

You can also prepare your survival kit alone or buy already packed ones. You can find them on several website like: